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Tsev > Xov xwm > Ntsiab lus
Cov Keeb Kwm Ntawm Keeb Kwm Ntawm Cov Ntawv Ceev
Nov 20, 2017

IC card yog IC daim (integrated Circuitcard) ua lus Askiv, hauv qee lub tebchaws uas tseem hu ua smart cards, daim npav ntsej muag, daim npav micro thiab lwm yam. Lub voj voos khoos phij tawj rau hauv ISO7816 standard PVC (los yog ABS, thiab lwm yam.) Yas substrates, ntim rau hauv ib daim ntawv zoo sib xws thiab sib nqus daim ntawv, yog li, ua daim IC card. Ntawm chav kawm, tuaj yeem yuav ntim rau hauv cov nyees khawm, cov yawm sij, cov ntawv nkauj thiab lwm yam duab tshwj xeeb.

Thawj lub tswv yim ntawm IC daim ntawv raug muab tso rau tom hauv ntej los ntawm Nyij Pooj. Nyob rau lub Kaum Ob Hlis Ntuj 1969, Nyiv Lub Zos Lub Zos (Kunitakaarimura) tau npaj kom muaj kev ruaj ntseg thiab txhim khu kev tsim daim credit card thiab tau patented thaum xyoo 1970, thaum nws hu ua ID card (identificationcard). Nyob rau hauv 1974, Fabkis Roland Moreno (Rolandmoreno) tau tsim ib daim yas yas nrog ib tus lej hluav taws xob thiab nws patent, nws yog IC card thaum ntxov. Xyoo 1976 Fabkis Boer (Bull) lag luam tsim lub ntiaj teb thawj daim IC card. 1984, Fabkis PTT (posts, telegraphs andtelephones) yuav siv IC daim npav rau kev hu xov tooj, vim muaj kev ruaj ntseg zoo thiab kev cia siab ntawm IC card, nws tau txais kev npaj txhij txog kev vam meej. Tom qab, ISO (Iso, thoob ntiaj teb tus qauv kev tsim qauv) thiab International Electrotechnical Commission (Iec, thoob ntiaj teb) Cov Kev Sib Koom Tes Haujlwm ntawm Electrotechnicalcommission tau tsim ib co kev cai thoob ntiaj teb thiab kev cai, uas tau zoo heev txhawb kev tshawb nrhiav thiab kev tsim cov IC card.

2002 xyoo thiab txawm tias 5 xyoos tom ntej no, yog daim ntawv thov Suav IC card rau qhov tob ntawm kev loj hlob. Tuam Tshoj tus IC card lag luam qauv yuav raug txiav txim los ntawm kev tsis meej, kev sib tw ua lag luam yuav txwv tsis pub ua lag luam, IC card lag luam yuav maj mam paub mus rau hauv cov kev ua lag luam meager. Hauv qhov xwm txheej no, cov neeg tsis muaj plaub hau thiab cov khoom tshiab tsis tuaj yeem ntsuas cov lag luam hauv IC Card thiab qib kev lag luam, qhov kev lag luam ntawm kev lag luam yog qhov kawg nyob ntawm daim ntawv thov IC card thiab cov txiaj ntsim kev pabcuam. Los ntawm kev xav txog kev tsim kho, kom ntxiv dag zog rau kev lag luam kev cai, los txhawb IC card cov lag luam los ntawm cov khoom thiab kev siv technology rau daim ntawv thov thiab kev pabcuam, yuav yog China's IC card kev lag luam ntawm ib qho tseem ceeb.

Thawj thawj zaug xyoo 1970, tus Fabkis Roland Morino (Roland Moreno) muab tso rau hauv daim ntawv tso cai ntawm IC (integratedcircuit) hauv daim npav ua daim npav ntau dua. Thaum lub sij hawm, nws piav qhia ntawm lub tshuab yog: ib daim npav kos nrog lub cim tiv thaiv nws tus kheej. Qhov no yog qhov yug ntawm lub ntiaj teb thawj daim npav IC.

Hauv qab no ntau tshaj 30 xyoo, nrog rau kev tsim kho VLSI tshuab, computer technology thiab kev ruaj ntseg tshuab, IC daim ntawv muaj ntau dua thiab kev siv tshuab, uas tau siv dav hauv tsev thiab sia mus thoob ntiajteb.